Saturday, April 13, 2013

Chess Puzzles

Unusual/funny chess puzzles and Sam Loyd

Here is an interesting chess problem: How would you play if you are White? (Hint is given at the end of the story on Sam Loyd's chess puzzles ... scroll forward.)
Puzzle #1 (White to play):

The above reminds me of the following set of chess puzzles by Sam Loyd, the great American puzzlist of the 19th century. He created a story around it:

In 1713, Charles XII of Sweden was in a campaign against the Turks. One day, in between the battles, he played a chess game in the field against one of his generals. The following position was reached and Charles announced mate in 3.

Puzzle #2 (White to play):

Just when he was about to make his move, a stray bullet took the White Knight off the board. Charles was unconcerned, and said that was all right, he still had a mate in 4 without the Knight.
Puzzle #3 (White to play):

He was just about to make his move when another bullet shot off the White Pawn on the Rook file. Charles studied the position and said not to worry, he found a mate in 5.
Puzzle #4 (White to play):

Then the general remarked, "What a pity, Your Majesty, the first bullet didn't take the Rook off the board, rather than the Knight."

Charles replied with a smile, "Then I just have to declare mate in 6."

Puzzle #5 (White to play):

(Solutions: See Comment Section)
(Solutions: See Comment Section)

Back to Puzzle #1 ... Here is a hint on how to solve it ... using Sam Loyd's battle field analogy, if a bullet had shot off White's Queen, White can declare mate in 4. And if another bullet had shot off White's Bishop, White can declare mate in 2.

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1 comment:

  1. Solutions:

    Puzzle #1:
    Leave this to you :-)
    Hint: See above (at end of the story on Sam Loyd's chess puzzles)

    Puzzle #2:
    1. Rxg3 Bxg3
    2. Nf3 B any
    3. g4 checkmate
    1. .... Bxd1
    2. Rh3 Bh4
    3. g4 checkmate

    Puzzle #3:
    1. hxg3 Bb6
    2. Rg4 Bd8
    3. Rh4+ Bxh4
    4. g4 checkmate

    Puzzle #4:
    1. Rb7 Bc5
    2. Rb1 Be7
    3. Rh1+ Bh4
    4. Rh2 gxh2
    5. g4 checkmate
    1. .... Bg1
    2. Rb1 Bh2
    3. Ra1 Kh4
    4. Kg6 any
    5. Ra4 checkmate

    Puzzle #5:
    1. Nf3 Be1
    2. Nxe1 Kh4
    3. h3 Kh5
    4. Nd3 Kh4
    5. Nf4 h5
    6. Ng6 checkmate